Purple Willow (Salix purpurea)

Purple willow is native to the UK and most of Europe and can also be fond in parts of Asia.

  • Purple Willow Tree  -  Salix Purpurea  -  Leaves
  • Purple Willow Tree  -  Salix Purpurea  -  Catkins

Useful info about Purple Willow trees

Latin NameSalix purpurea
TypeDeciduous (loses its leaves in winter)
HeightCan grow up to 5 metres (15 feet)
SpreadThe branches can spread out to 5 metres (15 feet)
Soil Types PreferredClay, Sand
Locations SuitableFarmland, Gardens, Parks
FlowersCatkins in Spring
Celtic Tree MonthApril 15 - May 12

Similar Species


It can grow to 5m (15ft) tall and is commonly found in wet and waterlogged locations.

Willows are very adaptable trees and will grow in most conditions, including waterlogged soils, but they prefer sunny spots.


The twigs are very supple and tough which make it very suitable for basket making.


Any uses for trees or tree extracts, whether edible or medicinal, have not been tried or tested by EFORESTS.

Please take caution and seek proper advice before attempting any recipes or medicinal extracts from any of the trees listed on our site.

Culture and Symbolism

The Purple Willow tree is believed to represent survival, adaptability, fertility and new life.

Willows used to be associated with celebration but they are now associated with sadness and mourning. In northern regions willow branches are used, instead of palm branches, to celebrate Palm Sunday.

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