European Larch (Larix decidua)

European Larch (Larix decidua) is a deciduous conifer species of larch that is native to the mountains of central Europe, such as the Alps and Carpathian Mountains as well as the Pyrenees.

  • European Larch  -  Larix Decidua  -  Mature Tree
  • European Larch  -  Larix Decidua  -  Young Leaves
  • European Larch  -  Larix Decidua  -  Young Cones And Leaves

Useful info about Larch trees

Latin NameLarix decidua
TypeDeciduous (loses its leaves in winter)
HeightCan grow up to 20 - 40 metres (65 - 130 feet)
SpreadThe branches can spread out to 4 - 8 metres (15 - 30 feet)
Soil Types PreferredClay, Loam, Sand
Locations SuitableFarmland, Gardens, Parks
FruitBrown cones in autumn

Similar Species


European larch is very attractive early spring, when the new leaves and bright pinkish-red cones appear at the same time.

The needles are strongly scented and turn a rusty orange colour in autumn. Mature larch trees produce an abundance of miniature cones with seeds that are a great food source for many bird species.

European Larch is a medium-sized to large deciduous coniferous tree reaching 20-40 m tall, with a trunk up to 1 m diameter.

The crown is broad conic; both the main branches and the side branches are level, the side branches only rarely drooping.

The shoots are dimorphic, with growth divided into long shoots (typically 10-50 cm long) and bearing several buds, and short shoots only 1-2 mm long with only a single bud.

The leaves are needle-like, light glaucous green, 2-5 cm long.

They turn bright yellow to orange before they fall in the autumn, leaving the pinkish-brown shoots bare until the next spring.


The wood is tough and durable, used for general construction work.

Small larch poles are widely used for rustic fencing.


Any uses for trees or tree extracts, whether edible or medicinal, have not been tried or tested by EFORESTS.

Please take caution and seek proper advice before attempting any recipes or medicinal extracts from any of the trees listed on our site.

Culture and Symbolism

Larch trees are believed to represent rest and recovery.

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