Juniper (Juniperus communis)

Juniper (Juniperus communis) is a slow-growing evergreen shrub that, in some regions, can reach heights of 9m (29ft).

  • Juniper Tree  -  Juniperus Communis  -  Leaves
  • Juniper Tree  -  Juniperus Communis  -  Berries And Leaves

Useful info about Juniper trees

Latin NameJuniperus communis
HeightCan grow up to 9 metres (29 feet)
Spread2.5 - 4 metres (8 - 15 feet)
Soil Types PreferredChalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Locations SuitableBalconies, Farmland, Gardens, Patios
FlowersMay to June
FruitSeeds ripen in October


Juniper is one of Britain's native conifers and occurs naturally in a variety of situations. In the south it grows on chalk downs, while in the north it grows on moorland and in Scotland it thrives on the acidic soils of pine forests.

The spikey blue-green needles are in groups of three, each has a white band on upper sides.

The berries are green in first year and ripen to dark purple in the second year.


The fruit of the Juniper tree is edible and is an essential ingredient of gin.

It is also used as a flavouring in sauerkraut, stuffings, vegetable patés, etc.

It has antiseptic, aromatherapy, aromatic, and diuretic properties.


Any uses for trees or tree extracts, whether edible or medicinal, have not been tried or tested by EFORESTS.

Please take caution and seek proper advice before attempting any recipes or medicinal extracts from any of the trees listed on our site.

Culture and Symbolism

Juniper trees are believed to represent protection and purification.

Some folklore and myths, such as in Welsh tradition, suggest that Juniper trees bring evil or even death to those who cut them down.

Click here to dedicate a tree to be planted in a woodland in England, Scotland or Wales

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