Elder (Sambucus Nigra)

Elder is a small deciduous tree, native to the UK and can also be found in much of Europe. Elder flowers are used to make Elderflower cordial and Elderberry jam can be made from its fruit.

  • Elder Tree  -  Sambucus Nigra  -  Mature Tree
  • Guelder Rose Tree  -  Viburnum Opulus  -  Blossom
  • Elder Tree  -  Sambucus Nigra  -  Flowers
  • Elder Tree  -  Sambucus Nigra  -  Fruit

Useful info about Elder trees

Latin NameSambucus Nigra
TypeDeciduous (loses its leaves in winter)
HeightCan grow up to 10 metres (33 feet)
SpreadThe branches can spread out to 1 metre (3 feet)
Soil Types PreferredChalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Locations SuitableFarmland, Gardens, Hedgerows
FlowersWhite flowers in early summer
FruitBlack fruit in summer
Celtic Tree MonthNovember 24 - December 23


Elders are quick growing and will become a small tree up to 10m (30ft) tall.


The flowers are often used to make elderflower cordial and the fruit can be made into a wine.


Any uses for trees or tree extracts, whether edible or medicinal, have not been tried or tested by EFORESTS.

Please take caution and seek proper advice before attempting any recipes or medicinal extracts from any of the trees listed on our site.

Culture and Symbolism

It is believed that the Common Elder tree represents regeneration, legacy, rebirth, creativity and transformation.

Click here to dedicate a tree to be planted in a woodland in England, Scotland or Wales

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