Field Maple (Acer Campestre)
The Field Maple (Acer campestre) is a small to medium sized tree with leaves that produce rich, autumn colours. It is often planted in hedgerows.
Useful info about Field Maple trees
|Deciduous (loses its leaves in winter)
|Can grow up to 15 metres (50 feet)
|The branches can spread out to 5 - 10 metres (15 - 35 feet)
|Soil Types Preferred
|Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
|Farmland, Gardens, Parks, Patios
The Field Maple (Acer campestre) is a small to medium sized, deciduous tree with leaves that produce rich, autumn colours.
Field Maple trees reach heights of 15-25 m tall, with a trunk up to 1 m diameter, with finely fissured, often somewhat corky bark.
The shoots are brown, with dark brown winter buds. The leaves are in opposite pairs, 5-16 cm long (including the 3-9 cm petiole) and 5–10 cm broad, with five blunt, rounded lobes with a smooth margin.
The flowers are produced in spring at the same time as the leaves open, yellow-green, in erect clusters 4-6 cm across, and are insect pollinated.
It has grey-brown bark with close-set ridges. Its leaves are small, dark green and slightly shiny with brown stalks.
In spring it has small, yellow-green flowers that hang in clusters. These flowers provide nectar and pollen for bees and birds. The flowers develop into winged fruits / seeds, which are dispersed by wind.
As it matures and in the autumn, the leaves turn yellow, orange and golden brown.
Field Maples are suitable for most soil types, although it does prefer rich, well drained soils.
The Field Maple is widely planted in hedgerows making it a useful to wildlife.
Mature trees can grow to 20m and live for up to 350 years.
It is locally naturalised in parts of the United States and more rarely in New Zealand.
Field maple produces a hard timber, the hardest timber of all European maples. It is a creamy-brown colour with a silky shine. Traditional uses included wood-turning and making musical instruments, especially harps. The wood is often used as a veneer.
The sap contains a some sugar and can either be used as a drink, or if the water is boiled off, it can be concentrated into a syrup.
Any uses for trees or tree extracts, whether edible or medicinal, have not been tried or tested by EFORESTS.
Please take caution and seek proper advice before attempting any recipes or medicinal extracts from any of the trees listed on our site.
Culture and Symbolism
Field Maple trees are believed to represent strength and protection.
In the Alsace region of France / Germany it was believed that maple branches hung around a doorway could prevent bats from entering the building.
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